The Four Skin Types and How to Identify Them

Are you always confused when Skin Therapists ask you what your skin type is? Or really unsure what to write when filling out skin consults forms/surveys and they ask for your skin type?

What does this question mean? And why do Skin Therapists ask this?

Looking after your skin and having healthy skin begins with knowing your skin type, as this is critical in determining what products to use on your skin.

Most of us don't really know our skin type and this is the reason why we often choose the wrong products for our skin - which can then lead to even more skin conditions or problems in the future. For example, if a dry skin type is using harsh acne products on their skin, this would be fatal to their skin health and barrier function.

What are the four skin types?

There are four basic skin types and they are categorised by Normal, Dry, Combination, and Oily. Your skin type depends on how much oil and water you naturally have on your skin. You can not change your skin type, this is dictated by genetics.

However, do not get confused - your skin condition (the concerns you are experiencing on your skin) can be influenced by internal or external factors, and is NOT influenced by genetics.

Skin types are genetically determined, whereas skin conditions are influenced by external or internal factors

Normal Skin:

Normal skin has a good balance, it doesn't look or feel oily nor dry. It feels hydrated with no excess shine and rarely experiences breakouts.

Dry Skin:

If your skin feels or looks tight, flaky, or dry, your skin type is Dry. Dry skin types will not experience an oil shine throughout the day. However, due to this dryness, your skin is more likely to show fine lines.

Combination Skin:

Combination skins experience excess oil AND dehydration at the same time. You will normally experience the oil flow on the t-zone and dehydration on the outer zones of the face. Combination skins might also experience dryness in winter and oiliness in summer.

Oily Skin:

Oily skins produces excess oil. You will experience a shiny complexion and enlarged pores. Skin texture can be greasy or congested, but as a bonus, you will not experience dehydration fine lines!

There you have it, you're four skin types explained! Which skin type are you?

If you are confused about your skin type, reach out to us and book a Free Skin Consult so one of our Skin Therapists can help you identify your skin type and find the right products to address your skin concerns.

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